>> fighting i.s.i.l. >> in iraq, i.s.i.l. has lost the freedom to operate in some 30% of the territory that they held last summer. >> but a year after the u.s. led coalition began targeting the group, questions about the effectiveness has the white house on the offensive. struggling for support. >> we will wind up with a situation where we do not have the ability to inspect or check their program. >> some high ranking democrats say they will not back the iran nuclear deal. distancing themselves. psychologists in the u.s. will
no longer cooperate in national security interrogations. and long time coming. >> if the election happenings, it happens if not it doesn't concern me very much. >> haitians travel to the polls but after four years many worry about violence and wonder if the country can pull the elections off. >> good evening i'm antonio mora this is al jazeera america. a year ago the u.s. and its coalition partners launched an air campaign against i.s.i.l. thousands of air strikes later the fight goes on. this video released today is said to show i.s.i.l. abducting more than 230 people from a predominantly christian town in central syria. there is no word where they were taken. in iraq, officials say i.s.i.l.
has executed 2,000 people just in mosul. they were accused of promoting ideas that distort islam. u.s. led coalition carried out 15 targets in iraq and syria just on thursday. but as jamie mcintire reports there are plenty of questions about the effectiveness of the air campaign in its first anniversary. >> reporter: when the u.s. started bombing last summer i.s.i.l. was estimated to have between 20,000 and 30,000 fighters. now one year and 6,000 air strikes later that estimate is unchanged essentially. while the u.s. has claimed to kill 10,000 fighters they have been replaced. still the obama administration argues one year later i.s.i.l. is losing. >> in iraq, i.s.i.l. has lost the freedom to operate in some
30% of the territory they held last summer. overall i.s.i.l. has lost more than 17,000 square kilometers of territory in northern syria over the course of last year and now cut off from all but 68 miles of the more than 500 mile long border between syria and turkey. >> reporter: the u.s. central demand says over the past ten months kobani and tikrit in iraq. >> instead of waving black flags and traversing big swaths of the country, capturing large swaths of new territory you see an adversary that is losing ground steadily on nearly every front. >> but president obama's critics including many of the republicans who seek to replace him, insist that i.s.i.l. could be defeated swiftly if u.s.
changed its approach. >> to destroy i.s.i.s. it is necessary. >> we've got a president who instead says we're going to change hearts and minds. sometimes you win a war by killing murderous evil terrorists. >> if you are running for president of the united states and you don't understand that we need more american ground forces in iraq, and that america has to be part of a regional ground force that will go into syria and destroyed i.s.i.l. in syria then you're not ready to be commander in chief and you're not serious about the destroying i.s.i.l. >> reporter: there are now about 3500 american personnel in iraq but only providing advice and support. the pentagon concedes that the full force of the u.s. military could defeat i.s.i.l. much sooner especially in iraq but argues the victory would be short-lived if iraq is not
willing to restore a functioning inclusive government to the areas now ruled by i.s.i.l. jamie mcintire, al jazeera the pentagon. >> general mark kimmit former deputy secretary of defense for middle east policy he joins us from washington, d.c. tonight. always good to see you general. i know you have just recently returned from iraq. what is your general sense of the air strikes against i.s.i.l? >> the air strikes alone were never meant to be a solution or can't be the solution. they are an enabler to the solution. but they can take away some of the enemy's ability to maneuver but at the end of the day that is not going to be the deciding factor. the notion that air power alone is going to defeat i.s.i.l. is just ludicrous. what it is going to do is buy space and time for iraqi forces themselves to conduct ground operations against i.s.i.s. and
push them back to the borders. even that is not enough because we have got to stop the recruiting effort from the social media as well. >> can the iraqi forces whose record is at best mixed do the job on the ground combating i.s.i.l? >> you're right. their record was mixed about this time last year. in fact there were in many cases in retreat. we are starting to see some elements of the iraqi forces with american training and coalition equipping staying the fight particularly in places such as baji and ramadi. i think the united states needs to be patient in terms of working alongside the iraqis so that than it they are the ones that retake their country and not necessarily a large insertion of american forces. >> as those importance he do come more effective we saw terrible images out of anbar
province where civilians i.s.i.l. has not let leave have been caught in the middle between i.s.i.l. and the invading forces. how long do you think it will take for i.s.i.l. to lose its hold on anbar especially fallujah and ramadi. >> let's be very clear. the civilians didn't find themselves between two fighting forces. they were put there by i.s.i.l. and forced to be there as human shields. there will be some time before the sunnies in anbar has the faith that the iraqi government is not going to abandon them, after the fights in 2008 and 2009. this is a long war and i think we just got to have the patience and the iraqis have to have the patience to see this through. it's going to take some time. >> let's switch over to syria and the news that this is an embarrassment of the nations it's taken months to train just a few dozen moderate forces,
only to have some of those forces some were captured and some have refused to fight. have that strategy in syria of arnlg and equipping forces gone nowhere? >> i think that's an accurate assessments. i don't think anyone here in the united states could look at what's happening in syria and claim there is any amount of success going on. and that is truly a catastrophic situation there a humanitarian disaster and one really wonders why we're unable to come up with the policies the training and the equipping to get the right people on the ground to fight not only i.s.i.l. but if necessary to fight assad as well. i think it's a bit of a national embarrassment. >> what do you think the u.s. should do in syria? >> well, the turks for some time have argued to be setting up these humanitarian safe zones much like the united states did at the end of the first gulf war, operation northern watch operation southern watch.
but it seems to me the responsibility of the world in general and the united states in particular that we can help out provide some humanitarian safe zones so the civilians can go to those areas without fear of either being attacked by el nusra and the jihadi fighters nor by the syrian fighters as well. >> yes the terrible humanitarian crisis in syria and also in iraq. general kimmit it's always good to see you, thank you. the woman who was charged with the or the you torture of kayla miller the pentagon confirmed she had been killed. unsayaf is the wife of former i.s.i.l. leader ab sayaf who was killed by u.s. forces this year. she was recently turned over to iraqi kurds.
almost a quarter of a million people have been killed in syria p more than 12,000 children were among the 70,000 civilians killed. began with antigovernment protests and spiraled into civil war after bashar bashar bashar al-assad's regime cracked down on the movement. investigative body to find out who was responsible for chemical attacks in syria. as gabriel elizondo reports. >> there is agreement on the what now the u.n. security council wants to know the who. >> will those in favor of the draft resolution please raise their hands. >> a uns vote to finally point
the blame for chemical weapons in syria. the first time the blame could be sent to the perpetrators. >> this sends a clear message. the joint investigative mechanism will identify you if you gas people. it bears repeating as well that we need to bring the same unity that we have shared today to urgently find a process to stop the chemical weapons. >> opew has agreed quote that chlorine has been used as a chemical weapon in syria but didn't have support for the claim. russia continues to view with skepticism, u.s. senate allies allegations that syrian president assad is questionable.
>> who used chlorine is questionable. moreover we became witness he of many politicized statements in this regard which were clearly meant to be propaganda. >> horrific scenes of human suffering the aftermath of the attack in the outskirts of damascus dmask damascus who were shocked. the u.n. council would need to take that issue up again separately at a later date. blame might be assigned but it won't be recommended immediately. investigators will have 90 days before they even need to issue their initial report on their findings. everyone hopes that will be one
step closer to bringing justice to the victims. gabriel elizondo, al jazeera at the united nations. >> four security men injured in an attack and treated at a local hospital. israel said they were targeting a training camp. a salafi group in gaza has claim responsibilities. efforts to get the iran nuclear deal through congress. one of his chief allies new york senator charles schumer says he will not back the deal. john terret joins us from washington, good evening john. >> that is right, good evening to you antonio.
chuck schumer lobbying for and against diesel from the prime minister of israel and president obama who spoke at american yurt this week. the problem is that the senate which is leaving this weekend may go with chuck schumer's antirawn words ringing in their ears. on the other hand, it turns out not many people in washington expected chuck schumer to vote for this deal anyway, since he was from brooklyn acknowledge people in his district didn't except xp him to vote. >> i'm not going to let politics or policy influence my decision. >> the answer was no, the senior senator from new york acknowledge says to me the very risk that iran will not moderate and instead will use the
agreement to pursue its goals is too late. i have decide i must oppose the agreement and will vote no. schumer thinks there's too fuse restrictions on rawn, worries that the deal runs out and the any time anywhere is not agreed upon. >> the only alternative is extremely active and that would be to step wam. >> says the deal makes it physically impossible for iran to build a bomb. >> all you do is refuse this deal westbound e us you just say no. there is no other alternative than the factor will begin to
enrich we will pursue the program, we will lose international support and lose the sanctions. we'll wind up in an inability where we cannot inspect. >> lobbying has been stepped up as lawmakers head for their summer vacations. on tuesday, benjamin netanyahu announceed. >> don't let one regime going e-gletd their oppose this bad deal. >> didn't see at all surprised by shoourm's iran deal. >> the fault lines in this government they back to the white house. she was top on the list of inviting anyway. cain 00 late night explanation for opposing the iran deal points to him knowing the
numbers are on the hill be e-are ultimately sticking up in favor of the deal. do i not think schumer would have raised this issue at this point until he was surety they were out of jeopardy. >> two democrats down today but two in fair of the deal last well the easy including the level e-left wing darling and presidential hopeful, bernie sanders. >> will this all work out when congress returns to work in september? >> well, this is why what clerk will unlock the machine. pgh is schumer and eat eng l are doing is aelliot engle vote.at that point
the president can't afford to lose any more than 13 members of his party in the senate. if he does, then the iran deal is debt. 13 is the magic number. thank you >> how far back the rich goes with national security agencies and how this could change the way interrogations are counted. >> plash flight 370 family members demand action and access to the investigation. investigation.
investigations, to relieve them from possible torture. the decision comes after several reports revealed that after 9/11 apa leaders had worked with both the cia and the pentagon on interrogations, this ruling says they can be working with detainees. jacob ward looks at that history. >> you'd be forgiven by thinking that a vote of the american psychological association and the american military would only involve a few members and the relationship between the apa and the military goes back over a century. in world war i the apa was used
to refine recruitment techniques figure out which soldiers were apt for combat, which ones should be combat pie lots, that sort of thing. -- pilots and that sort of thing. a relationship that sort of blows old between the two organizations that was very multiple beneficial. in world war ii about apa was used as an offensive tactic to sort out things like the nazi mentality and try to figure out how best to control prisoners of war and funding went with all of that. by 1952, 78% of federal funding for psychology research in the united states came from the department of defense. in the world war it was used to decipher things lie insurgent dismurntcies. like
insurgencies. the stanford prison experiment in which students were recruited and divided dwoo into two groups, prisoners and guards. the students took to their roles a little too zealously. it was funded by the department of defense a military project. a behavioral control structure was created drawn directly from the apa according to a senate armed services committee report that came out in 2010. with this vote severing ties between the apa and the military, this is not some sort of for formality, this is a divorce between two very important organizations that have been
inextricably bonded for most of the 20th century. >> leading author of the report on the apa and cia investigations. very good to have you with us stephen. the organization was just short of unanimous and felt a strong message should be sent? >> that is absolutely correct. there was a scandal as this information came out showing the close relationship between the american psychological association and the department of defense's interrogation ram especially since the interrogation program is universally involving torture and cruel and dehumanizing treatment. swunsonce this was revealed, there was shock among the organization the public and the apa governing council decided it had to do something quite significant. >> there was one vote against the measure colonel larry
james, what was his argument in favor of this? >> well, larry james is a former as you said, he was form hely at guantanamo part of the intelligence group the group that was named by the international committee of the red cross and others as being involved in abuses of interrogation techniques, abuses of detainees. layer james argued that the apa should simply align its policy with american law and military law, but the apa decided to align its policy with its ethical obligations not just its legal obligations. so we decided that international standards of human rights should apply to all psychologists. >> now should there be a role for psychologists though? couldn't they play a role in helping to figure out how to
conduct effective investigations, helping out the military making sure they have absolutely no coercive elements? >> well, psychologists can advise on military policy. they can recommend rapport building techniques, what this policy prohibits is a psychologist advising on specific interrogations, in saying this detainee has a phobia against insects so let's put him in a box with insects. the theory that no psychologist should work to undermine the well-being or mental health of a detainee. to work to inteargt psychologists can in general advise that rapport building and humane techniques are the best way to do that but 80 --
>> not get involved in a specific case. could a psychologist choose to help interrogators without inany consequences? >> no. the whole point of this policy is that woo we are the -- the american psychological organization has made its ethics policy such that a psychology who violates it will be in violation of the policy, so there's no doubt about it but basically what we said today is that being involved in any way in torture cruel in humane or degrading treatment is a violation of apa ethics and psychologists cannot be at a place where that takes place cannot participate has to leave has to report it. we have to reinstitute a standard that simply says psychologists will do no harm. >> stephens risener, thank you
>> welcome back to al jazeera america. i'm antonio mora. coming up in this half hour of international news, the country that's changing its time zone to snub a neighbor. but first a look at the stories making headlines across the u.s. in our american minute. earlier tonight jury in colorado decided james holmes would spend his life in prison.
the same jurors rejected his insanity me during his killing spree during the bat man movie the dark knight. returning home to ash and debris. 43 homes were destroyed in clear lake oaks including a sprawling artist compound. 13,000 people were evacuated. so far only 800 have returned. the fire is 45% contained. chicago police today announced major changes to its terrific policy. are are stop-and-frisk policy. the agreement was committed after the american civil liberties union declined to sue.
69 people mostly teenagers were killed when a gunman went on a rampage on latoya island. >> adrian survived the attack on uto island four summers ago. >> i was convinced i was going to die so i just sat by the water and was waiting for him to come back to shoot me again or just die because of blood loss. >> reporter: now she and a record number of labor party are back and not unlike ann anders br bravick strolled through. both attacks were aimed at tearing apart norway's
multicultural democracy a. >> it's very good to come back and that the feeling i had before hasn't changed. it's just normal summer camp for me. >> you still want to be in the future perhaps a politician with the labor party in this country. why? >> because of all the values, what we do, what we believe in. so it's important to have something to fight for. >> reporter: four years on utea has come alive again. flor way's young political aspirants enjoying the sunshine, debate perhaps the occasional romantic tryst in the forest over there just as it used to be. except that this is now in part a living mearm to the memorial to the dead but insist that norway is not a country looking back.
fretof speaks to me from the offices of the newspaper in oslo. >> some attacks changed the country like 9/11. but this terror attack from our purposes have been absolutely meaningless, it hasn't changed anything in norway. >> on uta they are once again celebrating norway's multicultural heritage. perhaps the greatest rebuff of his actions are this, a young norwegian born in syria. jonah hull, al jazeera uta island norway. >> at least 40 people were killed in three major attacks in afghanistan's capital. in the latest attack, five people were killed near a military base in kabul. 20 people died when a suicide bomb are attacked a police academy. both attacks took place after a truck attack in central kabul.
15 were killed there hundreds more wounded. a french woman held captive in yemen for months is back home in paris tonight. isabel prime. the sultan of oman helped locate preem and bring her out of yemen. authorities are not saying whether a ransom was paid to secure her release. police say a gang carrying machetes posed as potential tenants. to get into the home of neloy neil pen name. claimed responsibility of the attack and warned of more. france is stepping up the search to find malaysia airlines flight
370. the government is sending additional patrol boats and airports to the island of reunion. meanwhile, protesters scuffled outside the malaysia embassy. >> is this a responsible nation? >> while the malasian government says the debris found on the island is definitely from the flight french authorities have yet to confirm that. protests across the country. they demanded basic services and end to corruption. demonstrators vowed to keep to the streets until their protests are listened to. mohammed jamjun has the story. >> on this scorchingly holt day
some tempers boiled over. >> this is a revolution and this is the last warning. next time we'll walk right into parliament. this is a warning to all officials and all mps who are not considering our needs. their fate will be like the fate of the previous dictators. >> reporter: thousands of iraqis demonstrated demanding the simplest of services. >> we want electricity clean water. better job opportunities. today's protest is about parliament. >> reporter: they took to the streets to prove to their leaders that this movement is real. and vowed to keep coming out so long as their needs aren't addressed. one of the strongest sentiments that we're hearing today is one that is very much against the iraqi parliament. the activists that are out here most of them youth activists saying they are apolitically blaming iraq's parliament for rampant corruption that they say is inhibiting their ability to
get a future. to work for them to give them their very basic human rights. the only flags allowed were iraqi ones. demonstrating a unity long absent in iraq's government. >> since the days of saddam until now nothing has changed. the only thing changed is during saddam's time we had only one saddam. now we have thousands of saddams. i'm about to graduate but i'm confident i won't get a job. so many basic needs are not available to us. we hope these demonstrations will bring some tangible improvements to the iraqi people. >> a rallying cry for a generation that suffered mightily over the past decade. now during a record heat wave they find themselves without electricity and air conditioning for many hours a day. they're beyond the breaking point and while they may be lacking power they promise to keep taking on the powerful.
>> in our off the radar segment we go to haiti. haiti's election cycle is six months long and includes presidential elections in october. but as rob reynolds reports from port-au-prince. >> a neighborhood is a good excuse to break out the drums and have a party. citizens of this caribbean nation will vote sunday for
members of parliament and local officials. not all voters are quite as enthusiastic as these ones. each morning michele michelene sets up her pots. >> i voted in the last elections and all that happened was the price of rice went up and the price of beans. i don't see how elections can change anything. >> her views are typical where unemployment is at 40% and the averaging in is $840. most people live in poverty. >> i'm doing everything i can to leave this country. i can't stand this country. >> elections were supposed to
happen four years ago but repeated wrangling led to cancellations. haiti's parliament was destroyed in the devastating earthquake of january 2010. this is the chamber of deputies. as you can see it's hardly a buzzing hive of political activity. the elections have been delayed so often and for so long that none of the lawmakers who normally sit here are still in office. so there hasn't been a single legislative session since january. since then president martele has been ruling by decree, much to the outrage of his ends opponents. at the electoral office security at the polls is a major concern in several regions. >> historical all these places have a high risk of election day
violence. that's why they're marked in red. >> reporter: back on the street michelene has a customer at last. >> if the election happens it happens, it doesn't concern me to be honest. >> a plate of rice means more than a slate of politicians. rob reynolds, al jazeera port-au-prince. >> since the united nations says international descroarns pledged more thandonors havepledged 100 million. neighboring dominican republic which has a similar population.
henry frank kerry is an associate professor of political science. very good to have you with us chip. >> thanks for having me. >> the united nations peace keepers and police forces in haiti have been slashed from 13 thousand to about 5,000. can haiti's police take care of security for these elections? >> well, in the past these peace keeping teams worked closely together by rank. and they've prevented all the kind of violence that cancelled elections in 1987. so they're probably not going to be major outbreaks. although the presence of armed gangs, militia and former military representing different political interests and economic goals are still out there. 1% of our urban slum could be associated with a gang that could explode and stop an entire
election. >> there's always concern in haiti about fraud. >> of course. some of the fraud is not necessarily political. it's i need to get some money for my kids and my friends and so would you please just give me a certain number of voting cards? this has been going on throughout the process it always does, the problem is haiti has had 12 or more provisional electoral councils. every time they clean house there's interest in winning elections. >> apathy because things never get better in haiti. >> legislative elections have never had a high turnout after the coup against arristide in 1990 -- >> and runoffs if nobody gets a majority. we could see parliamentary elections going on in october and might not have a clear winner anyway and there might be coalition. so is this just going to be a
growing mess this democracy-building in haiti? >> it always has been in part because it's got so many elections. local elections too for a small country, it's been a problem with increasing apathy for second round using the french system of two rounds of elections, majority required. it's augmented by a parliamentary hybrid manner, the most constitutionally common in the world people see hardly any reivels -- >> not electing a president -- relevance -- >> not electing a president martelemartelle running haiti will that be a problem. >> in the early 2000s there was
no functioning majority, finally they suspend the legislature there's a strong reason to reinstate it. legislatures are important but there is despondency with the overwhelming poverty. >> since the earthquake, you've got thousands living in poverty no water, do you see any changes for haiti in the near future? >> since the 1980s haiti has had massive amounts of foreign aid, most of it to reconstruct after the earthquake, you've got the erosion that killed more people than the earthquake did from various tropical storms and hurricanes. the good news is in 2011 they commit$300 million for the first
time for universal education. and it's the first government to do so, was the transitional period since then. >> but they also face the problems in venezuela and venezuela has been greatly financing the haitian government with its oil subsidies. thank you for joining us. taiwan is taking its hardest hit from typhoon soudelor. one area has been already inundated with more than 40 inches of rain and it doesn't stop there. flooding mudslides and up to $1 billion in damage is expected. kevin corriveau has been tracking the typhoon. kevin this is a big one. >> it is a big one and has made landfall. the storm's eye was predominant as it was making its approach towards taiwan.
landfall happened four to five hours ago saturday morning in taiwan. it was dark at the time so as the storm approached we were seeing quite a bit of rain as antonio mentioned. i'll get to that in just a moment. here is the track of the storm making its way across the island, which is very mountainous. that's problem here. when a storm hits an island, that is where we get a lot of flooding and also landslides. this is where we saw landfall at 5:00 a.m. just to the north in ye lan we had 46 inches of rain reported. and in that area we expect to see another 24 inches of rain make its play. across the taiwan strait it is going to make an impact of china. 200 million people will be in these provinces so we'll be watching this very carefully. the video will be quite
that will erat eradicate japan's influence. fleaive barkerneave barker has the story. >> pyongyang time will be 30 minutes behind the rest of the reasoning. fort and south korea has maintained the same time as japan since tokyo's 35 years control of the area. a legacy north korea wants to end. >> even the standard time while% while mercilessly stomping down. >> others were put into slave labor. the time change is being seen as a snub to japan. it's unusual for a country to
change its time but it does happen occasionally. in 2010, russia reduced its number of sometime zones from throafn11to nine. the poll polynesian island changed its time zone. worrying south korea. seoul's unification ministry says this could disrupt this business park. north and south korea already share the world's most fortified border. some think the change of the clock to endanger this. have >> now to our global view segment with a look at how news outlets across the world are reacting to various events. >> an opinion piece in the jakarta globe. the paper says last night's gop
gathering lived up to a must see spectacle. and the division of the 17 republicans could hand the election to the arch rival hillary clinton. contending more people are at risk from possible accidental detonations than from a nuclear attack and it points out there have been multiple catastrophic nuclear events including collisions between smarns. submarines. the migration issue in calais france, the writer accuses u.k. politician he of arguing over trivialities, and accuses other brits of vacation
delays. the country needs to provide enough resources to process migrants fleeing bad situations in the middle east and africa. the parapan am games will be undertaken this weekend dnl daniel lak has the story. >> young athletic guy became paralyzed from the chest down. >> reporter: a damaged spinal cord ended dave willsey's days. but he found an alternative just as rough. >> murder ball was invented in winnipeg it was a bunch of quadriplegics, sitting on the
basketball bench they stuck around in the gym one day and kind of came up with this game and then at the same time they said well let's make it full contact. >> reporter: as gleefully as they bash their rugged wheelchairs together, murder ballers aren't allowed body contact. they score when they cross the opposite goal line. each team has players with differing levels of limb function. less movement they impede and ram their opponents. >> personally i've been playing the sport for four years never had any serious injuries, been banged up here and there. you might get your hands pinched a little bit but no condition for me. i've been fortunate so far knock on wood. >> with all the training and commitment of able body sport but it's also about inspiration. players spend time meeting young
children some of them paraplegics. >> yesterday we went to a children's center with all disabled kids. they were a little more disabled. all we did was sit in a circle and bounce balls around. they had a huge smile on their faces and we'd bump into each other. >> before a home town crowd at the paralympic games. >> we run so many different lineups, so much depth and so many strong players that you can't focus on one thing. and you know you're going to get hit when you have the ball. >> one thing's guaranteed it will be a lively tournament. daniel lak. al jazeera. >> why does it take so long to find the problems and alert
customers about them? that's it for this edition of al jazeera news, i'll see you again in an hour. hour. >> on "america tonight": racism violence and clashes with the police but not where you think. >> nobody talks about police, you don't deal with the police because everybody is afraid of the police. >> a stung report, to make black lives matter. also ahead our coverage of ferguson missouri one year after the flash point and the spark of